The setting of science classes in different countries aroused students' curiosity to encourage hands-on activities.
Since this fall, the compulsory course of science will be required from the third grade to the freshmen of the first grade in primary school in the China, and becomes the "fundamental course" of equal importance with Chinese and maths. In fact, not only in China, science education in various countries in the world is receiving more and more attention. So, how to set up a foreign science class? Give us what kind of inspiration?
encourage the hand on experience
In 1996, the United States issued the National Science Education Standard. In 2013, it released the next generation of scientific standards. The new standard pays more attention to the practicality of science and breaks the boundaries between disciplines and encourages students to explore the mysteries of science and technology personally. According to this standard, most primary and secondary science courses in the United States use integrated courses and do not emphasize the division of disciplines. The purpose is to cultivate students' comprehensive scientific quality and scientific thinking habits and to understand the relationship between science and society and life.
Take Jenny Public Primary School as an example. At least one section of the curriculums listed for preschool students is a science class every day. In addition, some scientific knowledge is also inserted in courses such as art to achieve a harmonious effect. In the junior science class, which is specially set up for preschool students, the teacher guides the students through the use of laboratories and gardens to establish the understanding of the concept of the life cycle through close and repeated observation of plant growth and the like; Balance, movement and other physical phenomena of the initial understanding. The purpose of setting up this science course is to enable students to acquire knowledge through personal perception, touch nature, and share their views with one another by sharing observations. Students in the face of problems do not understand, through questions and discussions to resolve the doubts. The school also encourages students to care about the world around them and to think about the effects of human decisions on the surrounding creatures.
It reflects the concept of STEAM education advocated by the United States in recent years (referring to Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics). It is necessary to break the boundaries between disciplines and cultivate students' comprehensive thinking and problem solving Ability, organic integration of natural science and humanities. This notion has far-reaching implications not only for school education, but also for all aspects of science education in the United States.
Inspire the couriosity is the key
"My favorite" around the world "this science common sense class," said primary school student Vega. This course started from the first grade in primary school and became the more formal "Introduction to Nature" class in fifth grade. He and his classmates think this is a pioneering lesson, and there are so many wonderful and interesting things hidden behind ordinary natural phenomena.
Russian educators believe that the root cause of dislike to go to school is that they have no interest in learning content. The purpose of setting up science class is to arouse children's interest in science and curiosity about knowledge. Primary and secondary science courses out of school, access to museums, science museums or memorials is a mandatory requirement of Russian primary and secondary school syllabus. In some cases, visiting the memorial or home of a great scientist is the first science lesson for first-year primary school children.
In addition to setting up unspeakable science curricula, the "Science Day" activities are also an important part of Russian syllabus. February 8 is the "Science Day" set by the Russian government. In addition each school also has its own "Science Day." The day's activities are varied and colorful. For example, a fourth-grade primary school students will develop "classroom decoration plan", several design team competition who designed the best, the least budget. Year 6 students will complete another "ambitious design": Imagine the human race to host the Olympic Games on another planet in 2095. They are going to select "the best design concept" "the most imaginative food" "the most optimistic imagination" "the best clothing and best makeup" "the most comic color and sense of humorous design" and so on.
In Russian primary and secondary schools, science classes for senior students have shown some kind of scientific nature, students are greatly interested in inventions and innovations, teachers are responsible for providing a platform and even communicate students and enterprises and research institutes, In order to make students more focused on the research topic.
Pay more attention to the cultivation of practical ability
Under the Israeli Science and Technology Curriculum Standard for Primary and Secondary Schools promulgated in 2000, schools are required to teach scientific principles to students of all ages through science curricula to develop students' basic cognitive and operational skills. As a result, elementary schools in Israel have started hand-crafting classes from the first grade; various technical courses including material processing, mapping, electricity, electronics and other aspects have been opened in the upper and lower primary schools; from the eighth grade, the General School has opened "Israel's Industrial and National economy "course; senior high school stage focuses on vocational and technical training of students from both industrial and agricultural technologies. Through long-term, systematic and targeted science education, most Israeli students graduated with strong scientific literacy and professional skills, can quickly adapt to work and give full play to their strengths and potential for the Israeli science and technology innovation industry Booming provides a strong impetus.
Jews value knowledge and pay more attention to the cultivation of practical ability. In primary science education, schools require students to use simple tools to create "products" by themselves, such as teaching students how to design and cut their clothes, how to cook flour into delicious bread and desserts, how to design buildings Circuit; how to make pencils, cement bricks, porcelain and so on. Many schools also have their own production and planting bases, and regularly organize students to practice classes at the base to cultivate students' ability to "look, learn, and do while doing".
Israelis also place great emphasis on integrating science education into the environment and everyday life of students. For example, most primary and secondary schools have set up various "education corners" on their campuses to plant plants such as cotton, corn and fruits and keep small animals for observation during the rest of the school so as to study the growth of plants and the living habits of animals. In the meantime, a large number of exhibition stands will be set up on the roads and galleries of the campus to showcase students 'interest in scientific research by showingcase representative Israeli inventions and inventions and students' own handmade works. In addition, the school also often use their spare time to organize students to visit various museums, science museums, schools of famous universities, to participate in scientific lectures, farm biology research, field mining and so on, to help students develop hobbies, improve the knowledge structure, broaden the scientific field of vision.
They are still very focused on individualized training of students. Israel's primary school hours are generally 1 pm, the school requires students to spend the afternoon to all major cities in Israel's "extra-curricular activities center" to participate in activities, learning backward students can class in the "extra-curricular activities," tutoring knowledge, progress faster Children can advance to the next phase of learning, or their own interests for in-depth study. Science education in secondary schools further expands teaching according to students' specialties and interests. Students can choose vocational, science-based, engineering, technical and agricultural courses that are more career-specific according to their own needs.